Enoch Reeves Cheney
Contributed by Susan Bartholomew

 

Enoch Reeves Cheney was born November 12, 1830 in Bairdstown, Greene County, Georgia. His parents were William Owen Cheney and Elizabeth Callaway. He married Sarah English in 1852, and they had at least six children -- three born before the war, three after.

He enlisted in Company C of the Third Georgia Infantry on May 6, 1862.

His younger brother, John F. Cheney (born 1839) had enlisted on April 24, 1861. Another brother, much younger, Reuben Sumpter Cheney (born February 1846), enlisted approximately April 1864. A third brother, William O. Cheney, Jr. (born 1837), was a well-regarded doctor. Three of his brothers-in-law also enlisted in Company C -- James, Joseph, and Stephen English.

Enoch Reeves Cheney was wounded at the battle of Malvern Hill. He was also wounded at the second battle of Manassas, where he was struck in the lower left leg with minie balls on August 30. He was disabled for some time, performing some type of special detail from February 14 to April 2, 1863, then eventually returning to his command in late April, 1863. By April 25, 1863, he was at camp near Massaponax Church, in Virginia.

At the battle of Chancellorsville, on May 3, 1863, he was struck by a piece of shell in the left foot, tearing off his heel. Both this wound and the prior leg wound continued to run for several years. In his old age, he would require a cane, and sometimes crutches, to walk.

By April 1864, he had been promoted to Corporal. Confederate records indicate he was absent on recruitment furlough on August 31, 1864.

On February 5, 1865, he received $120, representing six months’ pay from July through December, 1864. He signed for it near Petersburg.

Confederate records note that, as of March 3, 1865, he was absent on furlough, though his time had expired.

At the time of surrender, of the three Cheney brothers in Company C, only the youngest, Reuben, was present in Appomattox. According to Enoch’s wife, Enoch was somewhere in Virginia on his way back from wounded furlough at the time of the surrender. As for John, various records suggest that he had either been assigned to light duty or granted disability retirement. During the war, John had been promoted to First Lieutenant (October 1862). He had been injured at the battles of Antietam (September 17, 1862), Gettysburg (July 2, 1863), and the Crater near Petersburg (July 30, 1864).

Enoch Reeves Cheney took the Reconstruction oath on July 6, 1867, in Greene County. He died on 21 March 1902 in Bairdstown. He is buried in Bairdstown cemetery.

 

Civil War bullet"Return Fire" to 3rd GVI Veterans Page
worth@ucla.edu, 2/20/2014